Forex, also known as forex trading or foreign exchange, has become one of the largest and most powerful trading markets in the world. According to a 2019 triennial report, the Forex or simply FX market hit a new benchmark that exceeded $ 6.5 trillion per day in April 2019, a higher peak than $ 5.12 billion three years earlier.
FX trading is fascinating for many motives, such as the fact that traders can enter it simply and effortlessly, it is one of the most technologically advanced markets, and you can trade at your own pace and your own will from anywhere in the world, and you can go out at any time as good, taking your winnings and profits with you.
If you want to take a closer look at everything you need to know about forex along with what it is, how to trade forex, and how forex trading works, here is a simple yet comprehensive beginner’s guide.
What Is Forex Trading?
In very meek terms, forex trading is the conversion of one currency into another. It is one of the most traded markets in the world, with an average daily trading volume of over five trillion dollars. Forex trading is how one currency is substituted/exchanged for another foreign currency.
When you trade-in forex, you constantly trade a currency pair by selling one forex and buying another at the same time. Forex trading comprises parallel buying and selling of global currencies in the market.
Exchange rates among diverse currency pairs identify the rates at which one currency will be exchanged for another currency. Different from stocks markets, which are traded on an exchange, the global Forex market is totally decentralized and you can do trading round the clock.
Most Forex transactions are done over the counter or the counter. Shares are traded on physical public exchanges, but Forex currencies do not have a physical location. The main objective of forex trading is effectively predicting whether the value of one coin/currency will increase or decrease relative to the other.
Therefore, a trader might buy a coin today, believing that its value will increase tomorrow, and consider selling it at a profit at that time. This is called going long. Or they can decide to sell a coin if they think its value will go down and buy it back later when it’s cheaper.
This is known as an understatement. The value of any FX exchanges frequently and can be affected by many factors, including:
- Interest rate
- Supply and demand
- Political events or upsets
- Natural or climatic disasters
How Does Forex Trading Work?
Forex is always traded in currency pairs as you know, for instance, JPY/USD (Japanese Yen against the United States dollar). You suppose or guess on the rise or fall of the price of a country’s currency against the currency of another country and take a position accordingly.
For the JPY/USD currency pair, the first forex(JPY) is called the ‘base currency’ and the second forex(USD) is called the ‘counter currency or quote’. Forex trading takes place directly between two parties on an over-the-counter market.
This means that there are no centralized exchanges like the stock market and the institutional forex/ FX market is managed by a global network of banks and other organizations. Tradings are spread over four major forex trading hubs in different time zones, London, New York, Sydney, and Tokyo.
Since there is no centralized location, you can trade forex around the clock and from anywhere around the world. Most of the traders who venture on currency prices do not receive the currency itself. Results trading allows you to speculate on the price movements of an asset without taking ownership of that asset.
Types of The Forex Markets
The three different types of foreign exchange market:
There are three different ways to trade in the forex market: spot, futures, and futures.
Forex Spot Market
The physical/actual exchange of a currency pair, which takes place at the exact point where the transaction/trading is established on the spot or within a short period. The dealers offer derivatives based on the over-the-counter forex market.
- Forex Forward Market
A contract agrees to buy or sell a specified quantity of forex at a specified price, and to be settled on a specified date in the future or within a range of future dates
- Forex Futures Market
An exchange-traded agreement to buy or sell a detailed amount of specified currency at a specified price and date. It is more like predictions of the currency rates.